According to the U. S. Government Accountability Office report, "Women in Management: Analysis of Female Managers' Representation, Characteristics, and Pay," there have been very few changes for women in the workforce in terms of compensation. Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney stated: "[W]e're closing the educational gap but we're not closing the pay gap."
Based on the report, there only has been a 1% increase in the number of female managers from 39% percent in 2000 to 40% in 2007. Although the pay gap for female managers shrunk by 2 cents from 2000 to 2007, women are still earning only 81 cents for every dollar compared to male managers. This number is even lower for working mothers in management, which is only 79 cents for every dollar earned as compared to their male colleagues.
The report also shows that married female managers, on average, contribute only 55% to their household income, whereas male managers contribute 75% to their household income. The disparity between the numbers exists despite the fact that there are more and more females who are earning their college and graduate degrees and who have the same qualifications as their male counterparts.