Potential employees were disqualified from temporary jobs with the 2010 Census Bureau in New York City for their criminal background. Civil rights groups are bringing a lawsuit in response to their discriminatory practices, alleging they violated the Civil Rights Act. Applicants with a previous arrest are required to provide official records regarding the matter within 30 days to challenge the information. This is required of any applicant with even the most insignificant criminal background. Applicants could be disqualified simply for being picked up as a suspect in a crime.
The Census Bureau's policy on applicants with a previous arrest has been criticized before, yet they have not made any changes to ensure they are treating potential employees fairly.
More information is available here.