According to The Council for Responsible Genetics, there have been almost
five hundred cases of individuals who have been turned down for employment
or other positions or who have lost insurance due to genetic abnormalities.
However, a part of the Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act (GINA)
came into effect this week.. GINA will give Americans more protection
from health insurance discrimination based on their personal genetic information.
GINA also prohibits insurance companies from basing coverage eligibility
or premium costs on DNA tests. Insurance companies are now also banned
from requesting that health insurance policy applicants undergo genetic
testing or screening.